The Autonomous Rail Rapid Transit (ART) is a crossover between a train, a bus, and a tram, but it has smart technology and the flexibility to maneuver as a regular bus or trackless train. This train-bus hybrid uses sensors to detect the dimensions of the road, which in turn establishes a virtual track for itself.
Developed by CRRC Zhuzhou Institute Co Ltd, ART was unveiled in Zhuzhou in Hunan province back in 2017 to ease congestion in China’s urban centers. It’s also a cheaper alternative to constructing a subway. With a capacity of 307 passengers, the train-bus hybrid is battery-powered and can reach up to 43mph.
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Without the constrictions of a permanent track, the ART can alter its operations and work around traffic conditions, accidents and construction work by suggesting an alternate route. ART can ride along straight and curved roads, go uphill and downhill, cross rivers, weave through towns and go over bridges.