These are miniature urban forests, also known as Miyawaki forests, that generate 100 times more biodiversity and absorb more CO2. This innovative growing method from the 1970s is the brainchild of Japanese botanist, Akira Miyawaki. He was inspired by the protected areas that thrive around Japanese temples, shrines, and cemeteries.
An array of seedlings of native species is densely planted at a site, often an urban area, and grown with minimal intervention. The co-existence of natural vegetation is the production of resilient and diverse ecosystems. The Miyawaki forests can grow into mature ecosystems in just 20 years, rather than 200 years, which is the time it takes for a forest to regenerate on its own.
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They also support up to 20 times as many species as non-native managed forests. Today, this simple yet innovative and effective method of greening urban spaces has caught on in India, the Amazon, and in Europe.