Major global corporations, such as Coca Cola, Carlsberg, and L’Oréal are backing the “Paper Bottle Project,” an initiative to make plant-based biodegradable bottles hit the shelves by 2023. The green project is being spearheaded by Dutch renewable chemicals company Avantium, paper packaging developer BillerudKorsnäs, and bottle manufacturers ALPLA.
The “Paper Project” will utilize plant sugars to create more environmentally-safe plastics than those made with fossil fuels. The plastic, known as ‘PEF’ would “form a protective, recyclable layer inside a cardboard bottle.” That “paper bottle” consists of a plant-based polymer that is 100% recyclable and will completely decompose in just one year when composted.
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According to reports, this PEF has better thermal barrier properties than standard PEF. If the plant-based biodegradable bottles aren’t composted and are instead discarded and left to rot outside, it should take a few years for them to decompose. It’s important to note that standard plastics can take hundreds of years to decompose.